3D Modeling – The Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World

The seven wonders of the ancient world are:

  • The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza
  • The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
  • Statue of Zeus at Olympia
  • The Colossus of Rhodes
  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
  • The Lighthouse of Alexandria
  • The Mausoleum of Maussollos at Halicarnassus

Researching The Seven Wonders

The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza-

Pyramid of giza 2 Pyramid of giza Pyramid of giza 3 Pyramid of Giza 4 Pyramid of Giza 5

1. How would you describe the wonder?

I would describe the wonder as a gigantic pyramid in the middle of a desert that was made many many years ago and is now open for thousands of tourists all year round.

2. What condition is the wonder in today?

The pyramid is still in decent condition today despite how long it’s been around, some of the corners of the pyramid are a little bit destroyed and there are a lot of dents in some areas of the pyramid but this could be because of something as simple as environmental issues or even tourists. But overall the pyramids are in pretty decent condition.

3. How would it have looked differently in the past?

Originally, the pyramids would have looked much smoother and sharper however as I have explained in the previous question this has changed due to many factors. Also, according to many various sources the pyramids were originally white and were meant to reflect the sun’s rays, they did this by using limestone blocks which has been proven however, the limestone is now missing because a lot of it got cut away and used for a wide variety of reasons like building mosques.

4. Who built the wonder and why?

It is known across the whole world that Egyptians slaves built the pyramids for various pharaohs. All though it is thought that thousands of slaves built the pyramids no one knows for sure why the Egyptians built these pyramids and what for. There are many theories ranging power to aliens.

5. Where and when was the wonder built? How was the wonder destroyed?

The pyramids were built around 2500 B.C and were built in Egypt mainly near the capital Cairo and the wonder has not been destroyed yet but as I mentioned in some of the previous question the wonder has been ruined and changed due to lots of reasons like the environment.

6. What is your opinion of the original design?

My opinion of the original design is that its amazing and im very impressed that at that time humans were capable of building such structures, especially when the original design was made from limestone to allow the sun’s rays to reflect. I find it truly amazing and beautiful.

The temple of Artemis at Ephesus-

temple of artemis 2 temple o artemis 4 temple of artemis 6 temple of artemis 5 Temple of artemis 3

1. How would you describe the wonder?

I would describe the wonder as a big, beautiful and mythical structure in the middle of a lovely landscape.

2. What condition is the wonder in today?

Today the wonder is in very bad condition compared to how it used to look. It is no longer the same colour as it used to be it is more of a brown than a white. Also the roof is now missing and there only a few pillars left as you can see in the picture above. There are many reasons for what has happened to the wonder like environmental reasons and tourism as well as just changes over time from different groups of people.

3. How would it have looked differently in the past?

Originally, the wonder would’ve been a nice, bright, shiny white and it would have also had a roof as well as a floor leading onto paths which then lead onto various other structures within the area. As explained in the question above it has changed due to many reasons throughout time.

4. Who built the wonder and why?

The temple of Artemis was built to honour Artemis who was one of the three maiden goddesses of Olympus. The temple was built in Ephesus which is today called Selcuk which is in Turkey. Artemis was an Olympian God, the daughter of Zeus and Leto.

5. Where and when was the wonder built? How was the wonder destroyed?

The wonder was built in Selcuk, Turkey which at the time of the structure being built was known as Ephesus. It was built in approximately 800 BC and the wonder has been destroyed 3 times in its history due to fire, flood and mob each time it has been rebuilt bigger and even more beautiful than before.

6. What is your opinion of the original design?

My thoughts on the original design of the structure is that it it really beautiful and amazing especially for how old it is, and it was also built to worship and honor a greek god which is a topic I find truly interesting.

The Statue of Zeus at Olympia-

statue of zeus 5 statue of zeus 4 Zeusstatue in Olympia /H.Leutemann - Statue of Zeus in Olympia / H. Leutemann - statue of zeus 2 statue of zeus 1

1. How would you describe the wonder?

I would describe the wonder as a huge golden statue of the beautiful mythical Greek God known as Zeus, the statue also seems to be like 10x bigger compared to the people looking at the statue as you can see in some of the pictures above.

2. What condition is the wonder in today?

The wonder has been completely destroyed however, there are plenty of remakes that are identical to the statue but just resized. of course it will never come close to what the original looked like.

3. How would it have looked differently in the past?

In the past, if I were to be standing in front of the wonder It would be so big compared to me also it would have been made from gold meaning it was probably very shiny. Also in the past the statue would at least be standing not destroyed like today, the statue was probably in some sort of temple too which just adds to hows amazing the architecture work is.

4. Who built it and why?

The statue of zeus was created by a sculptor called Phidias, the statue was built to honour Zeus who was considered the king of the greek gods, it was placed in a temple at Olympia which is also where the Olympic Games took place every four years.

5. Where and when was the wonder built? How was the wonder destroyed?

The statue of Zeus was built in a temple at Olympia and was built from 430 BC to 422 BC so in total it took Phidias 12 years to complete the statue. The statue of Zeus was destroyed in a fire in the fifth century A.D and there were no copies ever found. All the details of the stature that have been found have come from depictions on coins and ancient Greek descriptions.

6. What is your opinion of the original design?

My opinion of the original design is that it is truly amazing that one person known as Phidias sculpted the statue in honour of Zeus the king of Greek Gods. I also find it fascinating how big the sculpture was its been said that if the statue of Zeus were to stand up his head would go through the roof of the temple. The statue of Zeus is said to be approximately 42 feet tall.

The Colossus of Rhodes-

Colossus of Rhodes 1 colossus of rhodes 2 colossus of rhodes 3 colossus of rhodes 4 Colossus of rhodes 5

1. How would you describe the wonder?

I would describe the wonder as being a very unusual statue that is used to let boats pass the harbour, It is a great structure and is something very unique and special. When you are in a boat you sail underneath the legs of the statue as if it was a bridge.

2. What condition is the wonder in today?

Today the wonder is no longer here however, there have been multiple models that have been built over the years by other artists/sculptors but of course, they are not as good as the original. There are also a lot of drawings and paintings from all around the word as the wonder is very famous.

3. How would it have looked differently in the past?

In the past the wonder would have been standing there which is the main difference also, the wonder would be much bigger compared to all the models that were made after it and have much more colour and detail than what people think.

4. Who built the wonder and why?

The wonder was built by the ancient Greeks, and was built because the Rhodians decided to express their pride after winning a battle, the statue is of their favourite god Helios. Overall the structure took 12 years to build.

5. Where and when was the wonder built?

How was the wonder destroyed? The wonder was built in Ancient Greece, from 304 to 292 BC. So it took 12 years to make overall. However, the wonder was destroyed around 226 BC due to a big earthquake that hit the area.

6. What is your opinion of the original design?

In my opinion the original design is very impressive because of how big and detailed it is especially because of the time it was made. And I love how it lets boats pass through underneath the legs. Another thing I like about it is that it took 12 years to make which is very impressive because it shows they the sculptor in a lot of time and effort to make it.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon-

Hanging gardens of babylon 1 hanging gardens of babylon 2 hanging gardens of babylon 3 hanging gardens of babylon 5 hanging gardens of babylon 4

1. How would you describe the wonder?

The wonder is a rich, wealthy and beautiful area full of plants and life, the building have a lot of gold and has small rivers running through it with lots of plants growing around the building.

2. What condition is the wonder in today?

The hanging gardens of Babylon are now destroyed and the area where it once was is still currently unknown, there are plenty of theories to support predicted places of where it once was however, it still has not been proven.

3. How would it have looked differently in the past?

In the past the hanging gardens of Babylon would’ve been full of life with lots of water, plants and people who are getting on with their daily lives. Also in the past the hanging garden of Babylon would still be alive and not destroyed over time so it’s hard to know for sure what it was like in the past.

4. Who built the wonder and why?

The wonder was supposedly built by the Babylonians and was built because it was a palace for their king Sennacherib.

5. Where and when was the wonder built? How was the wonder destroyed?

The wonder has been said to have been built in the ancient city of Babylon in Iraq, and was destroyed over time for many reasons like environmental issues, however there is no hardcore evidence to support all the theories.

6. What is your opinion of the original design?

From all the paintings and pictures I have seen on the internet the hanging gardens of Babylon looks really good, I honestly believe that people today would struggle to re-create it .

The Lighthouse of Alexandria-

lighthouse of alexandria 2 Lighthouse of alexandria 1 lighthouse of alexandria 3 lighthouse of alexandria 4 lighthouse of alexandria 5

1. How would you describe the wonder?

I would describe the wonder as a very tall olden lighthouse that has amazing architecture and structure, the whole lighthouse is a beautiful clean white that shines from far away.

2. What condition is the wonder in today?

Today the lighthouse no longer exists as it was destroyed for many reasons, however, a lot of replicas have been built since and is still seen as a very popular wonder today.

3. How would it have looked differently in the past?

In the past the lighthouse would have looked differently in many ways when it was standing, it would have looked very white and modern for its time as well as the size of the lighthouse would’ve been massive for the time.

4. Who built the wonder and why?

The wonder was built by the Egyptians to guide trade ships into the busy harbour of Alexandria, Egypt.

5. Where and when was the wonder built?

How was the wonder destroyed? The Lighthouse was built on a small Island known as Pharos. The construction of the lighthouse started in 290 B.C and took a total of 20 years to complete. The wonder was destroyed due to several earthquakes and became an abandoned ruin.

6. What is your opinion on the original design?

In my opinion the original design is very nice especially considering the time it was built and the scale of the structure, I love how its built on a very small island and it’s the only thing on the island which makes it very unique and unusual. The

Mausoleum Of Mausollos At Halicarnassus-

mausoleum 1 Mausoleum 2 mausoleum 3 mausoleum 4 mausoleum 5

1. How would you describe the wonder?

I would describe the wonder as being an ancient structure which beautiful design and architectural skills especially considering how long ago it was made.

2. What condition is the wonder in today?

The condition of the wonder today is nothing like it was many years ago due to many reasons that have happened throughout history.

3. How would it have looked differently in the past?

In the past the wonder would have been 147 feet and was mainly made out of marble, it also had a statue of a chariot on the top of it.

4. Who built the wonder and why?

The wonder was built Artemisia after her Husband Mausolus died, they both ruled the region of a total of 24 years. After Mausolus died Artemisia hired the best artists and sculptors to create the most amazing tomb in the world.

5. Where and when was the wonder built? How was it destroyed?

The wonder was built in the city of Halicarnassus which is in Turkey, it was built around 353 B.C and took a very long time for the artists and sculptors to build.

6. What is your opinion on the original design?

In my opinion the original design is magnificent and I can see how much effort the artists and sculptors put into it, I love the way it looks and how tall it is impresses me even more.

Research Of 3D Graphics

Feature length film –

A good movie that contains 3D graphics of some ancient wonders is called 5000 years of magnificent wonders: Ancient Rome. Using computer animation the movie takes viewers back to the glory days of Rome to explore some ancient structures and wonders.

TV Series –

The lost treasure of ancient is a great TV series that explores the whole world and goes to many countries like India, Greece and many more. It shows all the wonders in beautiful 3D graphics in its formal glory.

5000 years of magniffiecent wonders

Videogame-

Total war is a game that allows you to place down amazing structures and many wonders of the ancient and modern world, I can see many techniques used to make the wonder such as extruding and Booleans as well as simple techniques like duplicating.

total war 2

Bibliography

Pyramids of Giza-

http://tripideas.org/pyramid-of-khufu-cheops-the-great-pyramid-giza-egypt/ http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2011/04/the-pyramids-of-giza-were-originally-white/ http://harvardmagazine.com/2003/07/who-built-the-pyramids-html

The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus-

http://daydreamtourist.com/2013/08/05/temple-of-artemis-at-ephesus/ http://www.unmuseum.org/ephesus.htm http://www.kusadasi.biz/historical-places/temple-of-artemis.html http://www.hdwallpapersimages.com/temple-of-artemis-at-ephesus/8400/ http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jordan-16A-085_-_Temple_of_Artemis.jpg http://www.imaginative-traveller.com/places-to-visit-in-turkey/ http://www.softschools.com/facts/wonders_of_the_world/temple_of_artemis_at_ephesus_facts/69/

Statue of Zeus-

http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia_of_history/S/Statue_of_Zeus_at_Olympia.html http://famouswonders.com/statue-of-zeus-at-olympia/ http://ancientworldwonder.blogspot.co.uk/2013/01/fun-facts-and-images-of-statue-of-zeus.html http://www.softschools.com/facts/wonders_of_the_world/statue_of_zeus_at_olympia_facts/68/

Colossus of Rhodes-

http://ancientworldwonder.blogspot.co.uk/2013/01/fun-facts-and-images-of-colossus-of.html http://www.rhodesguide.com/rhodes/colossus_rhodes.php http://www.history.com/news/history-lists/8-lost-masterpieces-of-art http://www.socialphy.com/posts/off-topic/9761/World_s-Seven-Wonders—The-Colossus-of-Rhodes.html Hanging

Gardens of Babylon-

http://www.unmuseum.org/hangg.htm http://www.softschools.com/facts/wonders_of_the_world/hanging_gardens_of_babylon_facts/67/ http://adventure.howstuffworks.com/seven-wonder-ancient-world2.htm

Development Of My 3D Model

By using my research as inspiration I decided to make a 3D model of the Temple of Artemis, throughout this section of the post Iwill be showing you my development of the 3D model.

1.

TempleofartemisSketch

I started off the development of my 3D model for the temple of Artemis by drawing out a picture I found on the internet beforehand, I used the same picture in my research which you read earlier in the blog. I simply drew this drawing in my sketch book with a pencil, it didn’t take long but its the best way to start a 3D model because it help you come up with ideas and develop more, also its cheaper and quicker than doing it all on a computer.

2.

Temple1

Shortly after I drew the sketch, I went straight into Maya and started developing my temple, I decided to start off with the steps at the bottom of the temple, I did this because it would allow me to have the right size and shape for the base of the temple itself. I made these steps using cube polygons and simply made them bigger and used the duplicate tool.

3.

temple2

After I made the base/steps I decided to make the pillars because I was making the temple from the bottom to the top, most people would make the pillars by simply using a cylinder polygon however, because I live life on the edge I decided to make one flat face then duplicate them round so many time it forms the shape of the cylinder, this is because the actual temple pillars were the same way, this allows my temple to be more realistic and life like. The base of the pillar is just a torus duplicated 3 times.

4.

temple3

After i made the pillars I decided to make the parts just above it, I aimed to make my temple as detailed and realistic as I possibly could so I added cylinders across the wall which is meant to be the patters on the temple, I also added lines going inside the side of the roof, I did these by using the boolean tool which allows you to put a shape inside another shape and delete it.

5.

temple4

After, I started making the roof, I did this by making a cube then making it really flat and wide, I would then add an inside edge loop going through the middle of the cube, I then selected the edge and moved it up creating the shape of the roof that you can see on the pictures above. After I decided to add the small statues at the top of the roof to add to the detail.

6.

temple5

This is what my model looks like, I decide to add a limestone texture because it was used a lot back then and a very good material too, I like the texture because I think it makes it more realistic however in some parts its quite blurry.

7.

temple6

After I textured it I decide to add some ground below the texture, I just made it really simple covering the whole grid and the n I went through many textures like stone, sand, rock, but I decided to go with the most basic option, grass. Some of the grass textures were very blurry but I decided to go for the one you can see in the picture above.

8.

temple7

Here is a very basic render of my model, this is not the finished version you will see that next in case you are really excited. But I thought the grass might not work and the sky would need some work, so I kept playing about and seeing the best option.

Final Design- 

temple8

After my final render, I saved the image then imported it into photoshop, I went with the grass ground however, I thought it would be much better if I deleted the ground on Maya then just use an image as the ground which you can see above, I also added sky above it then finally added two rocks on the side to make it seem more realistic, in real life these temples would be built at one of the highest points overlooking the city/town, which is exactly the impression I tried to give off in my final design.

Evaluation- 

In this evaluation I will be discussing my strengths and weakness throughout this unit. Overall, I felt the unity went well and I did good in a lot of things however, it is not perfect. First I will be discussing what went well, I feel that my model went very well and is the best model I have made so far and im very proud about it, I thought my model had a lot of detail and was very realistic. Another thing that I thought went well within this unit was my research, I feel that my research had a lot of detail and answered all the questions however, it is not perfect.

On the other hand, there are some things within this unity that I could have done m=better for example, I think my renders could have been better I feel that I could’ve used more tools and played around with it more, basically I feel I should have spent more time on my renders for the model, I also feel that I didnt spend enough time of the 3D Graphics research, I should’ve done more types of media like adverts for example.

If I had the chance to do this again thee would be many things that I would improve on for example, I would sort out my timing and how long I spend on each part of the unit. I woud also do a bit more at more, I did do all my research at home but I fell that if I did some of the model at home maybe I would have enough time to fix stuff or improve things or maybe even work on other lessons.

Overall, I feel that the unit went very well and im very happy with what I do, like I have said its not perfect but I know I tried my best and im happy about that.

By Scott Willoughby

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